Annual FIT Testing Detects Colorectal Cancer Two Years Earlier Than Colonoscopy Alone, Study of High-Risk Population Finds
May 20, 2008
An interim analysis of a study presented today at the 39th Annual Digestive Disease Week (DDW) Conference found that, among patients at increased risk for colorectal cancer who completed an annual fecal immunochemical (FIT) test, detection of cancerous lesions occurred an average of 26.5 months earlier than would have occurred during the three- or five-year study-required colonoscopy. Detection of precancerous lesions in this group occurred 18.4 months earlier.
Data presented reflect results to date of the study "The Value of Interval Fecal Occult Blood Testing in Colonoscopy-Based Surveillance Program (CSP) for People at Increased Risk for Colorectal Cancer" conducted at the Flinders Centre for Innovation in Cancer of South Australia, in which individuals with a family or personal history of colorectal cancer or adenoma were entered into a CSP. In each intervening year between required colonoscopies, individuals were offered a FIT test to complete at home, using a brush sampling method to collect water-based samples for laboratory analysis. Study groups included a screening cohort (n=1736), broken down into a FIT cohort (n=1071) of patients who returned at least one valid interval FIT test with subsequent colonoscopy and a non-FIT cohort (n=665), comprised of patients who did not complete a FIT test. Study-required colonoscopies were scheduled at either three or five year intervals, according to the patient's medical situation.
The interim report showed that, while the same number of colorectal cancers were discovered in the FIT cohort (n=14) and the non-FIT cohort (n=14), colorectal cancers in the FIT cohort were detected an average of 26.5 months earlier than they would have been during a study-required colonoscopy.
Patients in the FIT cohort diagnosed with treatable Stage I (Dukes Stage A) cancer (n=5), were diagnosed an average of 17.5 months earlier than they would have been with a study-required colonoscopy alone, and those with treatable Stage II (Dukes Stage B) cancer (n=2) were diagnosed an average of 21.8 months earlier than they would have been with a study-required colonoscopy alone. Detection of advanced adenomas in the FIT cohort (n=60; non-FIT n=54) occurred 18.4 months earlier than would have occurred during the study-required colonoscopy.
Overall, the interim report showed that interval FIT testing under this study program detected 86 percent (12 of 14) of colorectal cancers and 63 percent (60 of 96) of advanced adenomas greater than 10 mm.
Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in the United States(1), but when found early and treated, the five-year relative survival rate for colon cancer is 90 percent.(2) Currently, less than 40 percent of colorectal cancers are found early.(3) The new data presented today at DDW suggest that annual colorectal screening with FIT tests may help increase early detection.
"Our interim report indicates that undertaking annual FIT testing in high-risk groups -- between planned surveillance colonoscopies -- is valuable because it reduces delays in the diagnosis and treatment of colorectal cancer and advanced adenomas," said primary investigator Graeme P. Young, MD, FRACP, Professor of Gastroenterology and Academic Head of GI Services, Director, Flinders Centre for Innovation in Cancer of South Australia. "For the medical community dedicated to preventing and treating this major disease, we now have evidence that annual screening of high-risk patients with a convenient, take-at-home test can catch not only colorectal cancer earlier but advanced adenomas as well, given the notable CSP study program sensitivity of 63 percent."
American Cancer Society (ACS) guidelines recommend colonoscopy every five years for patients with a family history of colorectal cancer and for patients with a personal history of colorectal cancer who have had a normal 3-year colonoscopy, and more frequent colonoscopies if polyps are detected or a risk of hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) is suspected. For patients at average risk over the age of 50, ACS guidelines include colonoscopy every ten years and an annual FIT test among the recommended screening options.(4)
The study was conducted using the InSure® FIT™ test, a take-at-home annual colorectal cancer screening test from Enterix, Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of Quest Diagnostics. InSure FIT, and the recently launched InSure Quik F I T™, each use a patient-friendly, long-handled blue brush to collect two water-based samples for analysis. The tests are completed at home, and samples are submitted to a Quest Diagnostics laboratory (InSure FIT) or returned to the physician's office (InSure Quik F I T) for evaluation.
The study presented at Digestive Disease Week was funded by grants from the National Health and Medical Council of Australia and Enterix Australia Pty. Ltd. Enterix was acquired by Quest Diagnostics in September 2006. Neither company participated in the study's data analysis or influenced the conclusions of the researchers.
The study abstract is published in the April 2008 supplement of Gastroenterology.
About Colorectal Cancer
Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in the United States. The American Cancer Society (ACS) estimates nearly 150,000 men and women in the U.S. will be diagnosed with colorectal cancer this year, and one third of these patients will ultimately succumb to the disease.(5) When found early and treated, the five-year relative survival rate for colon cancer is 90 percent(6), yet less than 40 percent of colorectal cancers are found early.(7) Medical experts advise that anyone at age 50 or older at average risk should, as one of their screening options, be screened annually with an FOBT or FIT for this disease. Recent ACS guidelines reinforce recommendations for FIT tests, like the InSure FIT, as a screening option for colorectal cancer.
Digestive Disease Week (DDW)
DDW is the largest international gathering of physicians, researchers and academics in the fields of gastroenterology, hepatology, endoscopy and gastrointestinal surgery. Jointly sponsored by the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases, the American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) Institute, the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy and the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract, DDW takes place May 17-22, 2008, at the San Diego Convention Center, San Diego, CA. The meeting showcases approximately 5,000 abstracts and hundreds of lectures on the latest advances in GI research, medicine and technology. For more information, visit www.ddw.org.
About Quest Diagnostics
Quest Diagnostics is the leading provider of diagnostic testing, information and services that patients and doctors need to make better healthcare decisions. The company offers the broadest access to diagnostic testing services through its national network of laboratories and patient service centers, and provides interpretive consultation through its extensive medical and scientific staff. Quest Diagnostics is a pioneer in developing innovative new diagnostic tests and advanced healthcare information technology solutions that help improve patient care. Additional information is available at: www.questdiagnostics.com.
The statements in this press release that are not historical facts or information may be forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results and outcomes to be materially different. Certain of these risks and uncertainties may include, but are not limited to, competitive environment, changes in government regulations, changing relationships with customers, payers, suppliers and strategic partners and other factors described in the Quest Diagnostics Incorporated 2007 Form 10-K and subsequent SEC filings.
1 American Cancer Society - Cancer Facts & Figures 2008. 2 CDC, 2001 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System 3 http://www.cdc.gov/cancer/colorectal/statistics/screening_rates.htm 4 American Cancer Society Guidelines on Screening and Surveillance for the Early Detection of Colorectal Adenomas and Cancer in People at Increased
Risk or at High Risk. http://www.cancer.org/docroot/CRI/content/CRI_2_4_3x_Can_Colon_and_rectum_canc er_be_found_early.asp (Due to the length of this URL, please copy and paste into your browser)
5 American Cancer Society - Cancer Facts & Figures 2008. 6 CDC, 2001 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System 7 http://www.cdc.gov/cancer/colorectal/statistics/screening_rates.htm
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